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  1. Duane Toole
    Duane Toole January 11, 2015 at 10:04 am |

    I am reminded of a quote from fantasy writer Lord Dunsany; “Knowledge without imagination is like bricks without straw.” (A similar quote is attributed to Albert Einstein.)

    There is no substitute for excellence or expertise in musical endeavors. Creativity is taught to musicians as part of the process of gaining that excellence. But there are also those who are creative/innovative in musical endeavors who have little expertise on instruments or with their voices. Through his studies of Indian philosophy and Zen Buddhism in the late 1940s, John Cage came to the idea of aleatoric music, He had little expertise in these disciplines; he merely brought his own creativity to bear. The Beatles were not great musicians, but they were clearly creative thinkers.

    Innovation can be based on expertise, and this idea probably covers most who innovate. But not all.